105 million years ago 44 million years ago
Publications
Publications

ublications.



Complete List of Publications

  1. Books and monographs
  1. Schmid M, Bogart JP, Hedges SB. (eds) 2018. The arboranan frogs: evolution, biology, and cytogenetics. Cytogenet Genome Res 155, No. 1–4. 326 p., 956 fig. Bound as a book. Purchase this book
  2. Duellman WE, Marion AB, Hedges SB. 2016. Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae). Zootaxa 4104: 1-109. (Request from author)
  3. Köhler G, Hedges SB. 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae). Novitates Caribaea 9: 1-135. E-print (Low-res, 5MB) E-print (Hi-res, 70MB) KEY
  4. Hedges SB, Marion AB, Lipp KM, Marin J, Vidal N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49:1-61. E-print
  5. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Haaf T, Nanda I, del Pino E, Duellman WE, Hedges SB. 2012. The hemiphractid frogs: phylogeny, embryology, life history, and cytogenetics.Cytogenomics and Genome Research 138: 69-384. (#241 in complete list). Published online, December 2012. Bound as a book (Schmid M, Bogart JP, Hedges SB, Eds). Title page and contents (no reprints available). Order Book
  6. Hedges, SB and CE Conn. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1-244. (#235 in complete list) (Request from author)
  7. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Leon P, La Marca E, Diaz LM, Sanz A, Chen S-H, Hedges SB. 2010. The chromosomes of terraranan frogs: insights into vertebrate cytogenetics. Cytogenet Genome Res 2010; 130–131:1–568. (#227 in complete list) Purchase this book
  8. Hedges SB, Kumar S (Eds.). 2009. The Timetree of Life. Oxford University Press. 81 Chapters, 551 p. ISBN 9780199535033. (#208 in complete list) Order (entire book free online at www.timetree.org)
  9. Hedges SB, Duellman WE, Heinicke MP. 2008. New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation. Zootaxa 1737:1–182. (#196 in complete list) (Request from author)
    1. All publications
    1. 2019
  10. Hedges SB, Cohen WB, Timyan J, Yang Z. 2018. Reply to Wampler et al.: Deforestation and biodiversity loss should not be sugarcoated. Proc. Natl. Acad Sci. USA. 116: doi/10.1073/pnas.1901879116. (Request from author)
  11. Hedges SB, Lorvelec O, Barré N, Vidal N, Pavis C. 2019. On the taxonomic recognition of skinks from the Guadeloupe Archipelago (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuya). Caribbean Herpetology, 64:1-7. E-print
    1. 2018
  12. Rapacciuolo G, Graham CH, Marin J, Behm JE, Costa GC, Hedges SB, Helmus MR, Radeloff VC, Young BE, Brooks TM. 2018. Species diversity as a surrogate for conservation of phylogenetic and functional diversity in terrestrial vertebrates across the Americas. Nature Ecol. Evol. 2(12):10.1038/s41559-018-0744-7 (Request from author)
  13. Hedges SB, Cohen WB, Timyan J, Yang Z. 2018. Haiti's biodiversity threatened by nearly complete loss of primary forest. Proc. Natl. Acad Sci. USA. 115(46):11850-11855. (Request from author)
  14. Schmid M, Bogart JP, Hedges SB. (eds) 2018. The arboranan frogs: evolution, biology, and cytogenetics. Cytogenet Genome Res 155, No. 1–4. 326 p., 956 fig.
  15. Hedges SB, Tao Q, Walker M, Kumar S. 2018. Accurate timetrees require accurate calibrations. Proc. Natl. Acad Sci. USA. 115(41):E9510-E9511. (Request from author)
  16. Miralles A, Marin J, Markus D, Herrel A, Hedges SB, Vidal N. 2018. Molecular evidence for the paraphyly of Scolecophidia and its evolutionary implications. J Evol Biol. doi: 10.1111/jeb.13373. (Request from author)
  17. Marin J, Hedges SB. 2018. Undersampling genomes has biased time and rate estimates throughout the tree of life. Mol. Biol. Evol. 35: 2077–2084. (Request from author)
  18. Landestoy MA, Turner DB, Marion AB, Hedges SB. 2018. A new species of Caribbean toad (Bufonidae, Peltophryne) from southern Hispaniola. Zootaxa, published online 5 April 2018: 10.11646/zootaxa.4403.3.6. (Request from author)
  19. Marin J, Rapacciuolo G, Costa GC, Graham CH, Brooks TM, Young BE, Radeloff VC, Behm JE, Helmus MR, Hedges SB. 2018. Evolutionary time drives global tetrapod diversity. Roy Soc. Proc B, published online 7 February 2018. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2378. (Request from author)
    1. 2017
  20. Holt BG, Costa GC, Penone C, Lessard J-P, Brooks TM, Davidson AD, Hedges SB, Radeloff VC, Rahbek C, Rondinini C, Graham CH. 2017. Environmental variation is a major predictor of global trait turnover in mammals. J. Biogeography 2017: 1-13. (Request from author)
  21. Heinicke MP, Lemmon AR, Lemmon EM, McGrath K, Hedges SB. 2017. Phylogenomic support for evolutionary relationships of New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terraranae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 118: 145-155. (Request from author)
  22. Lorvelec O, Barré N, Chalifour J, Teynié A, Pisanu B, Hedges SB. 2017. Discovery of a population of Spondylurus powelli (Squamata: Mabuyidae) on Île Tintamarre (Saint-Martin, French Antilles) and comments on relationships among skinks of the Anguilla Bank. Caribbean Herpetology, 59: 1–8. E-print
  23. Brum FT, Graham CH, Costa GC, Hedges SB, Penone C, Radeloff VC, Rondinini C, Loyola R, Davidson AD. 2017. Global priorities for conservation across multiple dimensions of mammalian diversity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 114(29): 7641–7646. (Request from author)
  24. Kumar S, Stecher G, Suleski M, Hedges SB. 2017. TimeTree: A resource for timelines, timetrees, and divergence times. Mol. Biol. Evol. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msx116. (Request from author)
  25. Tucker DB, Hedges SB, Colli GR, Pyron RA, Sites JW, Jr. 2017. Genomic timetree and historical biogeography of Caribbean island ameiva lizards (Pholidoscelis: Teiidae). Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1002/ece3.3157. (Request from author)
  26. Rapacciuolo G, Marin J, Costa GC, Helmus MR, Behm JE, Brooks TM, Hedges SB, Radeloff VC, Young BE, Graham CH. 2017. The signature of human pressure history on the biogeography of body mass in tetrapods. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi: 10.1111/geb.12612. (Request from author)
  27. Marin J, Battistuzzi FU, Brown AC, Hedges SB. 2017. The Timetree of prokaryotes: new insights into their evolution and speciation. Mol. Biol. Evol. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msw245. (Request from author)
    1. 2016
  28. Penone C, Weinstein BG, Graham CH, Brooks TM, Rondinini C, Hedges SB, Davidson AD, Costa GC. 2016. Global mammal beta diversity shows parallel assemblage structure in similar but isolated environments. Proc. R. Soc. B 283: 20161028. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.1028. (Request from author)
  29. Tucker DB, Colli GR, Giugliano LG, Hedges SB, Hendry CR, Lemmon EM, Lemmon AR, Sites JW Jr, Pyron RA. Methodological congruence in phylogenomic analyses with morphological support for teiid lizards (Sauria: Teiidae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 103: 75-84. E-print
  30. Mahler DL, Lambert SM, Geneva AJ, Ng J, Hedges SB, Losos JB, Glor RE. 2016. Discovery of a giant chameleon-like lizard (Anolis) on Hispaniola and its significance to understanding replicated adaptive radiations. The American Naturalist 188(3): doi: 10.1086/687566. E-print
  31. Köhler G, Rodríguez MJ, Hedges SB. 2016. A new dune-dwelling lizard of the genus Leiocephalus (Iguania, Leiocephalidae) from the Dominican Republic. Zootaxa 4121: 517-532. E-print
  32. Duellman WE, Marion AB, Hedges SB. 2016. Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae). Zootaxa 4104: 1-109. (Request from author)
  33. Marin J, Hedges SB. 2016. Time best explains global variation in species richness of amphibians, birds and mammals. J. Biogeography 43: 1069-1079. (Request from author)
  34. Hedges SB, Lorvelec O, Barré N, Berchel J, Combot MD, Vidal N, Pavis C. 2016. A new species of skink from the Guadeloupe Archipelago (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuya). Caribbean Herpetology 53:1-14. E-print
  35. Kumar S, Hedges SB. 2016. Advances in time estimation methods for molecular data. Mol. Biol. Evol. 33: 863-869. E-print
  36. Köhler G, Hedges SB. 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae). Novitates Caribaea 9: 1-135. E-print (Low-res, 5MB) E-print (Hi-res, 70MB) KEY
  37. Angulo A, May RV, Icochea J, Chaparro JC, Hedges SB, Lehr E, López DG, Lundberg M, & Moravec J. 2016. Parque Nacional Yanachaga-Chemillén, Pasco, Perú. Anfibios del bosque de nubes y su zona de amortiguamiento. Field Guides 738: 1-6. E-print
  38. McCranie JR, Hedges SB. 2016. Molecular phylogeny and taxonomy of the Epictia goudotii Species complex (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae: Epictinae) in Middle America and northern South America. PeerJ 4:e1551; doi 10.7717/peerj.1551. E-print
    1. 2015
  39. Nagy ZT, Marion AB, Glaw F, Miralles A., Noppers J, Vences M, Hedges SB. 2015. Molecular systematics and undescribed diversity of Madagascan scolecophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). Zootaxa 4040: 031–047. (Request from author)
  40. Schmid M et al. (104 authors) 2015. Third report on chicken genes and chromosomes. Cytogenet Genome Res. 145:78-179 (Request from author)
  41. Heinicke MP, Barrio-Amorós CL, and SB Hedges. 16 Jul 2015. Molecular and morphological data support recognition of a new genus of New World direct-developing frog (Anura: Terrarana) from an under-sampled region of South America​. Zootaxa 3986 (2): 151–172. (Request from author)
  42. Dίaz, LM, and SB Hedges. 2015. Another new cryptic frog related to Eleutherodactylus varleyi Dunn (Amphibia: Anura: Eleutherodactylidae), from eastern Cuba​. Solenodon 12:124-135. E-print
  43. Köhler G, Hedges SB. 2015. Anolis chlorocyanus Duméril & Bibron, 1837 and Anolis coelestinus Cope, 1862 (Reptilia, Squamata): proposed conservation of the specific names and designation of a neotype for A. chlorocyanus. Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 72: 45-49. E-print
  44. Hedges, S. B., J. Marin, M. Suleski, M. Paymer & S. Kumar. 2015. Tree of Life Reveals Clock-Like Speciation and Diversification. Mol. Biol. Evol. 32(4):835–845 E-print, Supplement 1, Supplement 2
    1. 2014
  45. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Feichtinger W, Haaf T, Mijares-Urrutia A, Schargel WE, Hedges SB. 21 Oct 2014. Cytogenetic studies on Gonatodes (Reptilia, Squamata, Sphaerodactylidae).Cytogenet Genome Res. 144(1):47-61. E-Print
  46. Hedges SB. 2014. The high-level classification of skinks (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincomorpha).Zootaxa 3765: 317-338. (Request from author)
  47. Hedges SB, Marion AB, Lipp KM, Marin J, Vidal N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49:1-61. E-print
  48. Hedges SB. 2014. The origin of life. In Oxford Bibliographies in Evolutionary Biology Ed. Jonathan Losos. New York: Oxford University Press. Oxford Bibliographies website. (Request from author)
    1. 2013
  49. Wegener, JE, Swoboda S, Hawlitschek O, Franzen M, Wallach V, Vences M, Nagy Z, Hedges SB, Kohler J, Glaw F. 2013. Morphological variation and taxonomic assessment of the endemic Malagasy blind snake family Xenotyphlopidae. Spixiana 36: 269-282. E-print
  50. McCranie JR, Hedges SB. 2013. A review of the Cnemidophorus lemniscatus group in Central America (Squamata: Teiidae), with comments on other species in the group.Zootaxa 3722: 301-316. Request from author
  51. Marin J, Donnellan SC, Hedges SB, Puillandre N, Aplin KP, Doughty P, Hutchinson MN, Couloux A, Vidal N. 2013. Hidden species diversity of Australian burrowing snakes (Ramphotyphlops). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 110: 427-441. E-print
  52. McCranie JR, Hedges SB. 2013. A new species of Phyllodactylus (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonoidea, Phyllodactylidae) from Isla de Guanaja in the Honduran Bay Islands. Zootaxa 3694: 051-058. Request from author
  53. McCranie JR, Hedges SB. 2013. Two additional new species of Sphaerodactylus (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonoidea, Sphaerodactylidae) from the Honduran Bay Islands. Zootaxa 3694: 040-050. Request from author
  54. Teeling EC, Hedges SB. 2013. Making the impossible possible: rooting the tree of placental mammals. Mol. Biol. Evol. 30: 1999-2000. Advance Access E-print
  55. Hedges SB. 2013. Revision shock in taxonomy. Zootaxa 3681: 297-298. Request from author
  56. Reynolds RG, Niemiller ML, Hedges SB, Dornburg A, Puente-Rolon AR, Revell LJ. 2013. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of West Indian boid snakes (Chilabothrus). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 68: 461-470. E-print
  57. Hedges SB. 2013. Caribmap: a mobile-friendly web resource for Caribbean maps that facilitates quantitative historical analysis. Journal of Map and Geography Libraries 9(3): 350-360. Request from author
  58. Barrio-Amoros CL, Heinicke MP, Hedges SB. 2013. A new tuberculated Pristimantis (Anura, Terrarana, Strabomantidae) from the Venezuelan Andes, redescription of Pristimantis pleurostriatus, and variation within Pristimantis vanadisae. Zootaxa 3647: 43-62. Request from author
  59. Colston TJ, Grazziotin FG, Shepard DB, Vitt LJ, Colli GR, Henderson RW, Hedges SB, Bonatto S, Zaher H, Noonan BP, Burbrink FT. 2013. Molecular systematics and historical biogeography of tree boas (Corallus spp.).Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 66: 953-959. E-print
  60. Kingdon JA, Seiffert ER, Hedges SB, Rathbun G. 2013. Supercohort Afrotheria. Pp. 143-146 in Kingdon JA, Happold D, Butynski T, Hoffmann M, Happold M, Kalina J (Eds.), Mammals of Africa, Volume 1: Introductory chapters and Afrotheria. Bloomsbury Publishing, London. Published 28 February 2013. E-print Purchase book
  61. Hedges SB. 2013. Wormholes record species history in space and time. Biology Letters 9 (1), 20120926. PODCAST Request from author
  62. Böhm M, et al. 2013. The conservation status of the world's reptiles.Biological Conservation 157: 372-385. Published online 22 December 2012, in print January 2013. E-print
    1. 2012
  63. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Haaf T, Nanda I, del Pino E, Duellman WE, Hedges SB. 2012. The hemiphractid frogs: phylogeny, embryology, life history, and cytogenetics.Cytogenomics and Genome Research 138: 69-384. Published online, December 2012. Bound as a book (Schmid M, Bogart JP, Hedges SB, Eds). Title page and contents (no reprints available). Order Book
  64. Barrio-Amoros CL, Guayasamin JM, Hedges SB. 2012. A new minute Andean Pristimantis (Anura: Strabomantidae) from Venezuela. Phyllomedusa 11: 83-93. E-print
  65. Marin J, Donnellan SC, Hedges SB, Doughty P, Hutchinson MN, Cruaud C, Vidal N. 2013. Tracing the history and biogeography of the Australian blindsnake radiation. J. Biogeogr. 40: 928-937, published online 23 November 2012. Request from author
  66. McCranie JR, Hedges, SB. 2012. Two new species of geckos from Honduras and resurrection of Sphaerodactylus continentalis Werner from the synonymy of Sphaerodactylus millepunctatus Hallowell (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonoidea, Sphaerodactylidae). Zootaxa 3492: 65-76. Request from author
  67. Hedges, SB. 2012. Amniote phylogeny and the position of turtles. BMC Biology 10 (64):1-2. E-print
  68. Vidal N, Marin J, Sassi J, Battistuzzi FU, Donnellan S, Fitch AJ, Fry BG, Vonk FJ, Rodriguez RC, Couloux A, Hedges SB. 2012. Molecular evidence for an Asian origin of monitor lizards followed by Tertiary dispersals to Africa and Australasia.Biology Letters doi:10.1098/rsbl.2012.0460. E-print
  69. Hedges, SB and CE Conn. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1-244. Request from author
  70. Díaz, LM, SB Hedges, M Schmid. 2012. A new cryptic species of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Amphibia: Anura: Eleutherodactylidae) from Cuba. Zootaxa 3220: 44-60. Request from author
    1.   
    2. 2011
  71. Hedges, SB. 2011. The type species of the threadsnake genus Tricheilostoma Jan revisited (Squamata, Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 3027: 63-64. E-print
  72. Kumar S, Hedges, SB. 2011. TimeTree2: species divergence times on the iPhone. Bioinformatics doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/brt315, p. 1-2. E-print
  73. Hedges, SB. 2011. On the use of high-level taxonomic names. Zootaxa 2867:67-68. E-print
  74. Hedges, SB and LM Díaz. 2011. The conservation status of amphibians in the West Indies. Pp. 31–47 in A. Hailey, B. Wilson, and J. Horrocks (Eds.), Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas Volume 1: Conservation Biology and the Wider Caribbean. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. E-print
  75. Hedges, SB. 2011. An overview of the evolution and conservation of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Pp. 19–30 in A. Hailey, B. Wilson, and J. Horrocks (Eds.), Conservation of Caribbean Island Herpetofaunas Volume 1: Conservation Biology and the Wider Caribbean. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. (reprinted from Applied Herpetology 3:281-292 (2006). E-print
  76. Heinicke MP, Diaz LM, Hedges SB. 2011. Origin of invasive Florida frogs traced to Cuba. Biology Letters, published 26 January 2011, doi 10.1098/rsbl.2010.1131. E-print
    1. 2010
  77. Schmid M, Steinlein C, Bogart JP, Feichtinger W, Leon P, La Marca E, Diaz LM, Sanz A, Chen S-H, and Hedges SB. 2010. The chromosomes of terraranan frogs: insights into vertebrate cytogenetics. Cytogenet Genome Res 2010; 130–131:1–568. Purchase this book
  78. Hoffman, M. et al. 2010. The impact of conservation on the status of the World's vertebrates. Science 330: 1503-1509. E-print
  79. Hedges, S.B. 2010. Molecular clocks, flotsam, and Caribbean islands. Pp. 353–354 in Cox, C. B. & P. D. Moore, Biogeography: an ecological and evolutionary Approach. 8th Edition (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey). E-print
  80. Battistuzzi FU, Filipski A, Hedges SB, & Kumar S. 2010. Performance of relaxed clock methods in estimating evolutionary divergence times and their credibility intervals. Mol. Biol. Evol. 27: 1289-1300. E-print
  81. Vidal, N, Marin J, Morini M, Donnellan S, Branch WR, Thomas R, Vences M, Wynn A, Cruaud C, & Hedges SB. 2010. Blindsnake evolutionary tree reveals long history on Gondwana. Biology Letters 6:558-561. E-print Supp
    1. 2009
  82. Hedges, S. B. 2009. Terrestrial-breeding frogs (Strabomantidae) in Peru. Phyllomedusa 8:147–148. E-print
  83. Adalsteinsson, S.A., Branch, W.R., Trape, S., Vitt, L.J., & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50. Request from author
  84. Heinicke, M.P., Duellman, W. E., Trueb, L., Means, D. B., MacCulloch, R. D., Hedges, S. B. 2009. A new frog family (Anura: Terrarana) from South America and an expanded direct-developing clade revealed by molecular phylogeny. Zootaxa 2211: 1-35. Request from author
  85. Vidal, N., Rage, J.-C., Couloux, A., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Snakes (Serpentes). Pp. 390-397 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print Supplementary Information
  86. Hedges, S. B., Vidal, N. 2009. Lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians (Squamata). Pp. 383-389 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  87. Heinicke, M. P., Sander, J. M., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Lungfishes (Dipnoi). Pp. 348-350 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  88. Heinicke, M. P., Naylor, J. P., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Cartilaginous fishes (Chondrichthyes). Pp. 320-327 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  89. Hedges, S. B. 2009. Vertebrates (Vertebrata). Pp. 309-314 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  90. Bhattacharya, D., Yoon, H.-S., Hedges, S. B., Hackett, J. D. 2009. Eukaryotes (Eukaryota). Pp. 116-120 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  91. Battistuzzi, F. U., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Eubacteria. Pp. 106-115 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  92. Battistuzzi, F. U., Hedges, S. B. 2009. Archaebacteria. Pp. 101-105 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  93. Hedges, S. B. 2009. Life. Pp. 89-98 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  94. Hedges, S. B., Kumar, S. 2009. Discovering the timetree of life. Pp. 3-18 in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  95. Hedges, S. B., Kumar, S. 2009. Preface. Pp. xi-xiii in The Timetree of Life, S. B. Hedges and S. Kumar, Eds. (Oxford University Press, New York, 2009). E-print
  96. Hedges, S. B and S. Kumar (Eds.). 2009. The Timetree of Life. Oxford University Press. 81 Chapters, 551 p. ISBN 9780199535033. Order The Timetree of Life Book Cover
  97. Hedges, S. B., A. Couloux, and N. Vidal. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the Tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28. E-print
  98. Vidal, N. and S. B. Hedges. 2009. The molecular evolutionary tree of lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians. CR Biologies 332:129-139. E-print
  99. Dίaz, L. M. and S. B. Hedges. 2009. First record of the genus Aristelliger (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) in Cuba, with description of a new species. Zootaxa 2028:31-40. Request from author
  100. Battistuzzi, F.U., and S.B. Hedges.2009. A major clade of prokaryotes with ancient adaptations to life on land. Mol. Biol. Evol. 26:335–344. E-print Supplementary data
    1. 2008
  101. Vidal, N., W.R. Branch, O.S.G. Pauwels, S.B. Hedges, D.G. Broadley, M. Wink, C. Cruaud, U. Joger & Z.T. Nagy. 2008. Dissecting the major African snake radiation: a molecular phylogeny of the Lamprophiidae Fitzinger (Serpentes, Caenophidia). Zootaxa 1945:51–66. Request from author
  102. Hedges, S. B. 2008. Threatened amphibians of the West Indies. Pp. 104–105 in Stuart, S.N., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A., Berridge, R., Ramani, P. and Young B.E.(Ed.), Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Ediciones, with IUCN - The World Conservation Union, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Barcelona.
  103. Bolaños,F., Castro,F., Cortez,C., De la Riva,I., Grant,T., Hedges,S. B., Heyer,W. R., Ibáñez,R., La Marca,E., Lavilla,E., Silvano,D.L., Lötters,S., Parra Olea,G., Reichle,S., Reynolds,R., Rodríguez,L., Santos Barrera,G., Scott,N. J., Ubeda,C., Veloso,A., Wilkinson,M. and Young, B. 2008. Amphibians of the Neotropical Realm. Pp. 92–99 in Stuart, S.N., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A., Berridge, R., Ramani, P. and Young B.E. (Ed.), Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Ediciones, with IUCN - The World Conservation Union, Conservation International, and NatureServe, Barcelona.
  104. Hedges, S. B. 2008. Dating old maps with the print clock. The Portolan 72: 25-33. E-print
  105. Hedges, S. B. 2008. At the lower limit of size in snakes: two new species of threadsnakes (Squamata: Leptotyphlopidae: Leptotyphlops) from the Lesser Antilles. Zootaxa 1841:1–30. E-print
  106. Hedges, S. B., W. E. Duellman, and M. P. Heinicke. 2008. A replacement name for Isodactylus Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008. Zootaxa 1795:67-68. Request from author
  107. Dίaz, L. M. and S. B. Hedges. 2008. A new gecko of the genus Tarentola (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from eastern Cuba. Zootaxa 1743:43–52. Request from author
  108. Hedges, S. B., W. E. Duellman, and M. P. Heinicke. 2008. New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation. Zootaxa 1737:1–182. Request from author
  109. Hedges, S. B. 2008. Image analysis of Renaissance copperplate prints. Proc. SPIE 6810: 681009. 20 pages. E-print
  110. Duellman, W. E. and S. B. Hedges. 2008. Two new minute species of Phrynopus (Lissamphibia: Anura) from the Cordillera Oriental in Peru. Zootaxa 1675:59–66. Request from author
  111. Vidal, N., A. Azvolinsky, C. Cruaud, and S. B. Hedges. 2008. Origin of tropical American burrowing reptiles by transatlantic rafting. Biology Letters 4:115-118. Published online 11 December 2007 and in print 7 January 2008. E-print
    1. 2007
  112. Duellman, W. E. and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Three new species of Pristimantis (Lissamphibia: Anura) from Montane Forests of the Cordillera Yanachaga in Central Peru. Phyllomedusa 6:119–135. E-print
  113. Lehr, E., J. B. Pramuk, S. B. Hedges, and J. H. Córdova. 2007. A new species of arboreal Rhinella (Anura: Bufonidae) from Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park in central Peru. Zootaxa 1662:1–14. Request from author
  114. Hedges, S. B. 2007. The amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola and their conservation. Pp. 18–25 in Fernandez, E. M. (Ed.), Hispaniola: a photographic journey through island biodiversity. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. E-print
  115. Heinicke, M. P., W. E. Duellman, and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Major Caribbean and Central American frog faunas originated by ancient oceanic dispersal. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 104:10092-10097. E-print SI text and tables
  116. Vidal, N., A.-S. Delmas, and S. B. Hedges. 2007. The higher-level relationships of alethinophidian snakes inferred from seven nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Pp. 27-33 in R. W. Henderson and R. Powell (Eds.), Biology of the boas and pythons. Eagle Mountain Publishing, Eagle Mountain, Utah. E-print
  117. Weiss, A. J., and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the Antillean geckos Phyllodactylus wirshingi, Tarentola americana, and Hemidactylus haitianus (Reptilia, Squamata). Mol. Phylo. Evol. 45:409-416. E-print
  118. Hedges, S. B., and M. P. Heinicke. 2007. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian frogs of the genus Leptodactylus. Mol. Phylo. Evol. 44:308-314. E-print
  119. Vidal, N., A. S. Delmas, P. David, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, and S. B. Hedges. 2007. The phylogeny and classification of caenophidian snakes inferred from seven nuclear protein-coding genes. CR Biologies 330:182-187. E-print
  120. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 2007. Eleven new species of snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from Hispaniola and Cuba. Zootaxa 1400:1-26. Request from author
    1. 2006
  121. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 2006. Two new species of Amphisbaena (Reptilia: Squamata: Amphisbaenidae) from the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti. Caribb. J. Sci. 42:208-219. E-print (published in early 2007).
  122. Hedges, S. B., F. U. Battistuzzi, and J. E. Blair. 2006. Molecular timescale of evolution in the Proterozoic. Pp. 199-229 in S. Xiao and A. J. Kaufman (Eds.), Neoproterozoic Geobiology and Paleobiology, Springer, New York. E-print
  123. Hedges, S. Blair. 2006. An overview of the evolution and conservation of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Applied Herpetology 3:281-292. E-print
  124. Hedges, S. B., J. Dudley, and S. Kumar. 2006. TimeTree: a public knowledge-base of divergence times among organisms. Bioinformatics 22:2971-2972. E-print
  125. Dominguez, M., L. V. Moreno, and S. B. Hedges. 2006. A new snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from the Guanahacabibes Peninsula of western Cuba. Amphibia-Reptilia 27:427-432. E-print
  126. Hedges, S. B. 2006. Paleogeography of the Antilles and the origin of West Indian Terrestrial Vertebrates. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93:231-244. E-print
  127. Hedges, S. B., S. Kumar, and M. van Tuinen. 2006. Constraining fossil calibrations for molecular clocks. Bioessays 28:770-771. E-print
  128. Hedges, S. B. 2006. A method for dating early books and prints using image analysis. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A: Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences 462:3555-3573. E-print Appendix
  129. Hedges, S. B. 2006.Singularities: landmarks on the pathways of life. Quart. Rev. Biol. 81:164. (book review). E-print
  130. van Rheede, T., T. Bastiaans, D. N. Boone, S. B. Hedges, W. W. de Jong, and O. Madsen. 2006. The platypus is in its place: nuclear genes and indels confirm the sister group relation of monotremes and therians. Mol. Biol. Evol. 23:587-597. E-print
  131. Fry, B.G., N. Vidal, J. A. Norman, F. J. Vonk, H. Scheib, R. Ramjan, S. Kuruppu, K. Fung, S. B. Hedges, M. K. Richardson, W. C. Hodgson, V. Ignjatovic, R. Summerhayes, and E. Kochva. 2006. Early evolution of the venom system in lizards and snakes. Nature 439:584-588(online 17 November 2005). E-print
    1. 2005
  132. Kumar, S. and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Pushing back the expansion of introns in animal genomes. Cell 123:1182-1184. E-print
  133. Kumar, S., A. Filipski, V. Swarna, A. Walker & S. B. Hedges. 2005. Placing confidence limits on the molecular age of the human-chimpanzee divergence. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 102:18842-18847. E-print suppl info
  134. Vidal, N., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. The phylogeny of squamate reptiles (lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians) inferred from nine nuclear protein-coding genes. C. R. Biologies 328:1000-1008. E-print
  135. Blair, J. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Molecular phylogeny and divergence times of deuterostome animals. Mol. Bio. Evol. 22:2275-2284. E-print
  136. Vidal, N., R. W. Henderson, A.-S. Delmas, and S. B. Hedges. 2005. A phylogenetic study of the emerald treeboa (Corallus caninus). J. Herpetology 39:500-503. E-print
  137. Duellman, W. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Eleutherodactyline frogs from the Cordillera Yanachaga in Central Peru. Copeia 2005:526-538. E-print
  138. Smith, M. L., S. B. Hedges, W. Buck, A. Hemphill, S. Inchaustegui, M. Ivie, D. Martina, M. Maunder, and J. F. Ortega. 2005. Caribbean Islands. Pp 112-118 in R. A. Mittermeier, P. R. Gil, M. Hoffman, J. Pilgrim, T. Brooks, C. G. Mittermeier, J. Lamoreux, and G. A. B. da Fonseca (eds.), Hotspots revisited: Earth's biologically richest and most endangered terrestrial ecoregions. Mexico City: CEMEX. E-print
  139. M. Schmid, I. Nanda, H. Hoehn, M. Schartl, T. Haaf, J.-M. Buerstedde, H. Arakawa, R. B. Caldwell, S. Weigend, D. W. Burt, J. Smith, D. K. Griffin, J. S. Masabanda, M. A. M. Groenen, R. P. M. A. Crooijmans, A. Vignal, V. Fillon, M. Morisson, F. Pitel, M. Vignoles, A. Garrigues, J. Gellin, A. V. Rodionov, S. A. Galkina, N. A. Lukina, G. Ben-Ari, S. Blum, J. Hillel, T. Twito, U. Lavi, L. David, M. W. Feldman, M. E. Delany, C.A. Conley, V. M. Fowler, S. B. Hedges, R. Godbout, S. Katyal, C. Smith, Q. Hudson, A. Sinclair and S. Mizunou. 2005. Second report on chicken genes and chromosomes 2005. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 109: 415-479. E-print
  140. Blair, J. E., P. Shah, and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Evolutionary sequence analysis of complete eukaryote genomes. BMC Bioinformatics 4(53):1-10. E-print
  141. Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos. 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. J. Biogeogr. 32:1-10. E-print
  142. Blair, J. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2005. Molecular clocks do not support the Cambrian explosion. Mol. Biol. Evol. 22:387-390. E-print
    1. 2004
  143. Young, B. E., and S. B. Hedges. 2004. Haiti: a megadiverse Caribbean country. P. 20 in B. E. Young, S. N. Stuart, J. S. Chanson, N. A. Cox, and T. M. Boucher, Disappearing Jewels: the Status of New World Amphibians. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia.
  144. Rabosky, D. L., K. P. Aplin, S. C. Donnellan, and S. B. Hedges. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of blindsnakes (Ramphotyphlops) from Western Australia and resurrection of Ramphotyphlops bicolor (Peters, 1857). Australian J. Zool. 52:531-548. E-print
  145. Battistuzzi, F. U., A. Feijão, and S. B. Hedges. 2004. A genomic timescale of prokaryote evolution: insights into the origin of methanogenesis, phototrophy, and the colonization of land. BMC Evol. Biol. 4:44 (14 pages). E-print
  146. Hedges, S. B. and S. Kumar. 2004. Precision of molecular time estimates. Trends in Genetics 20:242-247. E-print
  147. Vidal, N. and S. B. Hedges. 2004. Molecular evidence for a terrestrial origin of snakes. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B (Suppl.) 271:S226-S229. E-print
  148. Hedges, S. B., J. E. Blair, M. L. Venturi, and J. L. Shoe. 2004. A molecular timescale of eukaryote evolution and the rise of complex multicellular life. BMC Evol. Biol. 4:2 (9 pages). E-print
  149. Pisani, D., L. L. Poling, M. Lyons-Weiler, and S. B. Hedges. 2004. The colonization of land by animals: molecular phylogeny and divergence times among arthropods. BMC Biology 2:1 (10 pages). E-print
  150. van Tuinen, M., and S. B. Hedges. 2004. The effect of external and internal fossil calibrations on the avian evolutionary timescale. Journal of Paleontology 78:45-50. E-print
    1. 2003
  151. Hower, L. M. and S. B. Hedges. 2003. Molecular Phylogeny and Biogeography of West Indian Teiid Lizards of the Genus Ameiva. Caribb. J. Sci. 39:298-306. E-print
  152. Hedges, S. B. 2003. Molecular clocks and a biological trigger for the Neoproterozoic snowball Earths and Cambrian explosion. Pp 27-40 in P. Donoghue and P. Smith, Eds., Telling evolutionary time: molecular clocks and the fossil record. CRC Press, London. E-print
  153. Hedges, S. B. 2003. The coelacanth of frogs. Nature 425:669-670. E-print
  154. Des Marais, D. J., L. J. Allamandola, S. A. Benner, A. P. Boss, J. R. Cronin, D. Deamer, P. G. Falkowski, J. D. Farmer, S. B. Hedges, B. M. Jakosky, A. H. Knoll, D. R. Liskowsky, V. J. Meadows, M. A. Meyer, C. B. Pilcher, K. H. Nealson, A. M. Spormann, J. D. Trent, W. W. Turner, N. J. Woolf, and H. W. Yorke. 2003. The NASA Astrobiology Roadmap. Astrobiology 3:219-235. E-print
  155. Hedges, S. B. 2003. The frog detectives of Pico Turquino. Pp. 51-57 in R. W. Henderson and R. Powell (eds.), Islands and the Sea: Essays on the Herpetological Exploration in the West Indies. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York).
  156. Diaz, L. M., A. Cadiz, and S. B. Hedges. 2003. A new grass frog from pine forests of western Cuba, and description of acoustic and pattern variation in Eleutherodactylus varleyi (Amphibia: Leptodactylidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 39:176-188. E-print
  157. Hedges, S. B. and P. Shah. 2003. Comparison of mode estimation methods and application in molecular clock analysis. BMC Bioinformatics 4:31. E-print
  158. Hedges, S. B., and S. Kumar. 2003. Genomic clocks and evolutionary timescales. Trends in Genetics 19:200-206. E-print
    1. 2002
  159. Werner, T., S. Weissman, S. B. Hedges, and K. Gardiner. 2002. Report on the twelfth international workshop on the identification of transcribed sequences: functional, expression, and evolutionary analysis. Cytogenet. Genome Res. 98:109-117.
  160. Hedges, S. B. 2002. Early life (book review). Quart. Rev. Biol. 77:445. E-print
  161. Hedges, S. B. 2002. Morphological variation and the definition of species in the snake genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae). Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Zool. Ser. 68:83-90. E-print
  162. Vidal, N., and S. B. Hedges. 2002. Higher-level relationships of caenophidian snakes inferred from four nuclear and mitochondrial genes. C. R. Biologies 325:987-995. E-print
  163. Vidal, N., and S. B. Hedges. 2002. Higher-level relationships of snakes inferred from four nuclear and mitochondrial genes. C. R. Biologies 325:977-985. E-print
  164. Hedges, S. B. 2002. The origin and evolution of model organisms. Nature Reviews Genetics 3:838-849. E-print
  165. Hedges, S. B., and S. Kumar. 2002. Vertebrate genomes compared. Science 297:1283-1285. E-print
  166. Highton, R., S. B. Hedges, C. A. Hass, and H. G. Dowling. 2002. Snake relationships revealed by slowly-evolving proteins: further analysis and a reply. Herpetologica 58: 270-275. E-print
  167. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 2002. A new snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from Eastern Cuba. J. Herpetology 36:157-161. E-print
  168. Blair, J. E., K. Ikeo, T. Gojobori, and S. B. Hedges. 2002. The evolutionary position of nematodes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2:7 (7 pages). E-print
    1. 2001
  169. Stauffer, R. L., A. Walker, O. Ryder, M. Lyons-Weiler, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Human and ape molecular clocks and constraints on paleontological hypotheses. J. Heredity 92:469-474. E-print
  170. Hedges, S. B., O. H. Garrido, and L. M. Diaz. 2001. A new banded snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from North-Central Cuba. J. Herpetology 35:615-617. E-print
  171. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 2001. At the lower size limit in amniotes: a new diminutive lizard from the West Indies. Caribbean J. Sci. 37:168-173. E-print
  172. Garrido, O. H., and S. B. Hedges. 2001. A new anole from the northern slopes of the Sierra Maestra in eastern Cuba. J. Herpetology 35: 378-383. E-print
  173. Hedges, S. B., H. Chen, S. Kumar, D. Y.-C. Wang, A. S. Thompson, and H. Watanabe. 2001. A genomic timescale for the origin of eukaryotes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 1:4 (10 pages). E-print
  174. Pramuk, J. B., C. A. Hass, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian toads (Anura: Bufonidae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 20:294-301. E-print
  175. Heckman, D. S., D. M. Geiser, B. R. Eidell, R. L. Stauffer, N. L. Kardos, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Molecular evidence for the early colonization of land by fungi and plants. Science293:1129-1133. E-print
  176. van Tuinen, M., D. B. Butvill, J. A. W. Kirsch, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Convergence and divergence in the evolution of aquatic birds. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B268: 1345-1350. E-print
  177. Hass, C. A., L. R. Maxson, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Relationships and divergence times of West Indian amphibians and reptiles: insights from albumin immunology. In C. A. Woods and F. E. Sergile (eds.), Biogeography of the West Indies: patterns and perspectives. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. E-print
  178. Hedges, S. B. 2001. Caribbean biogeography: an overview. In C. A. Woods and F. E. Sergile (eds.), Biogeography of the West Indies: patterns and perspectives. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. E-print
  179. Diaz, L. M., A. E. Estrada, and S. B. Hedges. 2001. A new riparial frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Eastern Cuba. Caribbean J. Sci. 37: 63-71. E-print
  180. Hedges, S. B. 2001. Molecular evidence for the early history of living vertebrates. Pp. 119-134 in P. E. Ahlberg (Ed.) Major events in early vertebrate evolution: palaeontology, phylogeny, genetics and development. Taylor and Francis, London. E-print
  181. van Tuinen, M., and S. B. Hedges. 2001. Calibration of avian molecular clocks. Mol. Biol. Evol. 18:206-213. E-print
  182. Hedges, S. B. 2001. Afrotheria: plate tectonics meets genomics. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 98:1-2. E-print
    1. 2000
  183. Tracy, M. R. and S. B. Hedges. 2000. Evolutionary history of the enolase gene family. Gene 259:129-138. E-print
  184. Hedges, S. B. 2000. A start for population genomics. Nature 408:652-653. E-print
  185. Garrido, O. H. and S. B. Hedges. 2000. Elevation of Anolis vanidicus rejectus Garrido and Schwartz (Sauria: Iguanidae) to species status and designation of Anolis mimus Schwartz and Thomas as a synonym. Caribb. J. Sci. 36:20-21. E-print
  186. Vidal, N., S. G. Kindl, A. Wong, and S. B. Hedges. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships of xenodontine snakes inferred from 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 14:389-402. E-print
  187. van Tuinen, M., C. G. Sibley, and S. B. Hedges. 2000. The early history of modern birds inferred from DNA sequences of nuclear and mitochondrial ribosomal genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 17:451-457. E-print
  188. Hedges, S. B., and M. H. Schweitzer. 1999. Molecular paleontology. Pp. 752-754 in R. Singer (ed.) Encyclopedia of Paleontology. Fitzroy-Dearborn Publishers, Chicago. E-print
  189. Hedges, S. B. 1999. The Amber Forest. Nature 402:459. (Book review). E-print
  190. O'Brien, S. J., J. F. Eisenberg, M. Miyamoto, S. B. Hedges, S. Kumar, and D. E. Wilson. 1999. Comparative genomics: mammalian radiations. Genome Maps 10 (phylogenetic tree). Science 286:463-478. E-print
  191. Hedges, S. B., and S. Kumar. 1999. Divergence times of eutherian mammals. Science 285:2031. E-print
  192. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1999. A new snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from central Cuba. J. Herpetology 33:436-441. E-print
  193. Hedges, S. B. 1999. Distribution patterns of amphibians in the West Indies. Pp. 211-254 In, Duellman, W. E., Regional Patterns of Amphibian Distribution: A Global Perspective. Johns Hopkins University Press. E-print
  194. Hedges, S. B., A. R. Estrada, and L. M. Diaz. 1999. A new snake (Tropidophis) from western Cuba. Copeia 1999:376-381. E-print
  195. Hedges, S. B., and L. L. Poling. 1999. A molecular phylogeny of reptiles. Science 283:998-1001. E-print
  196. Wang, D. Y.-C., S. Kumar, and S. B. Hedges. 1999. Divergence time estimates for the early history of animal phyla and the origin of plants, animals, and fungi. Proc. Roy. Soc. London B 266:163-171. E-print
  197. Johnson, K., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Three new species of Calisto from southwestern Haiti (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Tropical Lepidoptera 9:45-53. E-print
  198. Hedges, S. B., and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus thorectes. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept. 667:1-2. E-print
  199. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Sistematica de las ranas riberenas de Cuba (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus). Carib. J. Sci. 34:218-230. E-print
  200. Hedges, S. Blair. 1998. Nature Debates: Molecules and the fossil record. Nature (www), November 1998. (Invited Essay). E-print
  201. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A new gecko from the Sierra de Neiba of Hispaniola. Herpetologica 54:333-336. E-print
  202. Stanhope, M. J., V. G. Waddell, O. Madsen, W. de Jong, S. B. Hedges, G. Cleven, D. Kao, and M. S. Springer. 1998. Molecular evidence for multiple origins of Insectivora and for a new order of endemic African insectivore mammals. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 95:9967-9972. E-print
  203. Feller, A. E. and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Molecular evidence for the early history of living amphibians. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 9:509-516. E-print
  204. Schubart, C., R. Diesel, and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Rapid evolution to terrestrial life in Jamaican crabs. Nature 393:363-365. E-print
  205. Kumar, S., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A molecular timescale for vertebrate evolution. Nature 392:917-920. E-print
  206. van Tuinen, M., C. G. Sibley, and S. B. Hedges. 1998. Phylogeny and biogeography of ratite birds inferred from DNA sequences of the mitochondrial ribosomal genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 15:370-376. E-print
  207. Thomas, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A new amphisbaenian from Cuba. J. Herpetol. 32:92-96. E-print
  208. Thomas, R., S. B. Hedges, and O. H. Garrido. 1998. A new gecko (Sphaerodactylus) from the Sierra Maestra of Cuba. J. Herpetol. 32:66-69. E-print
  209. Hedges, S. B., and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus parapelates. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept. 649:1-2. E-print
  210. Cunningham, C. A., S. B. Hedges, and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus chlorophenax. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept 648:1-2. E-print
  211. Hedges, S. B., and R. Powell. 1998. Eleutherodactylus amadeus. Cat. Amer. Amph. Rept. 647:1-2. E-print
  212. Hedges, S. B. 1998. Avian Molecular Evolution and Systematics. Amer. Zool. 37:262-263. (Book review). E-print
  213. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1998. A new anguid lizard from Cuba. Copeia 1998:97-103. E-print
  214. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1997. Complementary uses of molecules and morphology. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 8:445. E-print
  215. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1997. A new frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus from the Meseta de Cabo Cruz, eastern Cuba (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Carib. J. Sci. 33:227-232. E-print
  216. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1997. Nueva especie de Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) del Macizo de Sagua-Baracoa, región oriental de Cuba. Carib. J. Sci. 33:222-226. E-print
  217. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1997. A new species of frog from the Sierra Maestra, eastern Cuba (Leptodactylidae, Eleutherodactylus). J. Herpetol. 31:364-368. E-print
  218. Hedges, S. B. 1997. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Quart. Rev. Biol. 72:213. (Book review). E-print
  219. Hedges, S. B. 1997. Molecular zoology. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 25:187. (Book review). E-print
  220. Hedges, S. B. 1996. More on Caribbean zoogeography. Herpetologica 52:622-624. E-print
  221. Hedges, S. B. 1996. Historical biogeography of West Indian vertebrates. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 27:163-196. E-print
  222. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1996. At the lower size limit in tetrapods: a new diminutive frog from Cuba (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus). Copeia 1996:852-859. E-print
  223. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1996. Molecules and morphology in amniote phylogeny. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 6:312-314. E-print
  224. Dowling, H. G., C. A. Hass, S. B. Hedges, and R. Highton. 1996. Snake relationships revealed by slow-evolving proteins: a preliminary survey. J. Zool. (London) 240:1-28. E-print
  225. Hedges, S. B. 1996. Vicariance and dispersal in Caribbean biogeography. Herpetologica 52:466-473. E-print
  226. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1996. A new frog of the genus Eleutherodactylus from eastern Cuba (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Herpetologica 52:435-439. E-print
  227. Hedges, S. B. 1996. The Hispaniolan frog Eleutherodactylus neodreptus Schwartz (Anura: Leptodactylidae) is a synonym of E. audanti Cochran. Caribb. J. Sci. 32:248. E-print
  228. Hedges, S. B., P. H. Parker, C. G. Sibley, and S. Kumar. 1996. Continental breakup and the ordinal diversification of birds and mammals. Nature 381:226-229. E-print
  229. Hedges, S. B. 1996. The origin of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Pp 95-128 in R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.). Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A tribute to Albert Schwartz. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, NY. E-print
  230. Hedges, S. B., L. Gonzalez, and A. R. Estrada. 1995. Rediscovery of the Cuban frogs Eleutherodactylus cubanus and E. turquinensis (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 31:327-332. E-print
  231. Hedges, S. B., Simmons, M. D., VanDikj, M. A., Caspers, G., DeJong, W. W., and C. G. Sibley. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of the Hoatzin, an enigmatic South American bird. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA)92:11662-11665. E-print
  232. Highton, R. and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Geographic protein variation in Pseudacris brimleyi (Anura: Hylidae) analysis by sequential electrophoresis. J. Herpetol. 29:351-357. E-print
  233. Hay, J. M., I. Ruvinsky, S. B. Hedges, and L. R. Maxson. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of amphibian families inferred from DNA sequences of mitochondrial 12S and 16S ribosomal RNA genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:928-937. E-print
  234. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. A new species of Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae) from eastern Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 31:65-72. E-print
  235. Hedges, S. B., and M. H. Schweitzer. 1995. Detecting dinosaur DNA. Science 268:1191-1192. E-print
  236. Henderson, R. W., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Origin of West Indian populations of the geographically widespread boa Corallus enydris inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 4:88-92. E-print
  237. Heise, P. J., H. G. Dowling, L. R. Maxson, and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Higher-level snake phylogeny inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences of 12SrRNA and 16SrRNA genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:259-265. E-print
  238. Bogart, J. P., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Rapid chromosome evolution in Jamaican frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Leptodactylidae). J. Zool. (London) 235:9-31. E-print
  239. Frye, M. S., and S. B. Hedges. 1995. Monophyly of the order Rodentia inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences of the genes for 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA, and tRNA-valine. Mol. Biol. Evol. 12:168-176. E-print
  240. Hedges, S. B., and K. Johnson. 1994. Calisto tasajera in the Hispaniolan Cordillera Central (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Trop. Lepidop. 5:93-94. E-print
  241. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and L. R. Maxson. 1994. Towards a biogeography of the Caribbean. Cladistics10:43-55. E-print
  242. Hedges, S. B., and C. G. Sibley. 1994. Molecules vs. morphology in avian evolution: the case of the "pelecaniform" birds. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 91:9861-9865. E-print
  243. Hedges, S. B., and R. L. Bezy. 1994. Xantusiid lizards and phylogenetic inference. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 3:275-278. E-print
  244. Hedges, S. B. 1994. Molecular evidence for the origin of birds. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (U.S.A.) 91:2621-2624. E-print
  245. Ruth, B. C., W. A. Dunson, C. L. Rowe, and S. B. Hedges. 1993. Molecular and functional evaluation of the egg mass color polymorphism of the spotted salamander, Ambystoma maculatum. J. Herpetology 27:307-314. E-print
  246. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1993. A new species of gecko (Sphaerodactylus) from central Cuba. J. Herpetology 27:300-306. E-print
  247. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1993. A new banded Sphaerodactylus from eastern Hispaniola (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Herpetologica 49:350-354. E-print
  248. Hedges, S. B., and C. A. Woods. 1993. Caribbean hot spot. Nature 364:375. E-print
  249. Hedges, S. B., R. A. Nussbaum, and L. R. Maxson. 1993. Caecilian phylogeny and biogeography inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences of the 12S rRNA and 16S rRNA genes (Amphibia: Gymnophiona). Herpetol. Monogr. 7:64-76. E-print
  250. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1993. A molecular perspective on Lissamphibian phylogeny. Herpetol. Monogr. 7:27-42. E-print
  251. Hedges, S. B. 1993. Global amphibian declines: a perspective from the Caribbean. Biodiversity and Conservation 2:290-303. E-print
  252. Hedges, S. B. and R. L. Bezy. 1993. Phylogeny of xantusiid lizards: concern for data and analysis. Mol. Phylogenetics Evol. 2:76-87. E-print
  253. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and L. R. Maxson. 1993. Relations of fish and tetrapods. Nature 363:501-502. E-print
  254. Hass, C. A., S. B. Hedges, and L. R. Maxson. 1993. Molecular insights into the relationships and biogeography of West Indian anoline lizards. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 21:97-114. E-print
  255. Hedges, S. B. and A. Schluter. 1992. Eleutherodactylus eurydactylus, a new species of frog from central Amazonian Perú (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Copeia 1992:1002-1006. E-print
  256. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1992. An unusual new Sphaerodactylus from Hispaniola (Squamata, Gekkonidae). J. Herpetology 26:289-292. E-print
  257. Thomas, R., S. B. Hedges, and O. H. Garrido. 1992. Two new species of Sphaerodactylus from eastern Cuba (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Herpetologica 48:358-367. E-print
  258. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1992. Two new species of Eleutherodactylus from remnant cloud forest in Haiti (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Herpetologica 48:351-358. E-print
  259. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1992. A new species of Tropidophis from Cuba (Serpentes, Tropidophiidae). Copeia1992:820-825. E-print
  260. Garrido, O. H., and S. B. Hedges. 1992. Three new grass anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae) from Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 28:21-29. E-print
  261. Hedges, S. B. 1992. A reconsideration of two montane species of Eleutherodactylus in Hispaniola (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 28:11-16. E-print
  262. Hedges, S. B., A. R. Estrada, and R. Thomas. 1992. Three new species of Eleutherodactylus from eastern Cuba, with notes on vocalizations of other species (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Herpetol. Monogr. 6:68-83. E-print
  263. Hedges, S. B., and O. H. Garrido. 1992. Cuban snakes of the genus Arrhyton: Two new species and a reconsideration of A. redimitum Cope. Herpetologica 48:168-177. E-print
  264. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1992. A new marsh-dwelling species of Eleutherodactylus from Haiti (Anura:Leptodactylidae). J. Herpetology 26:191-195. E-print
  265. Hass, C. A., and S. B. Hedges. 1992. Karyotype of the Cuban lizard Cricosaura typica and its implications for xantusiid phylogeny. Copeia 1992(2):563-565. E-print
  266. Hedges, S. B., J. P. Bogart, and L. R. Maxson. 1992. Ancestry of unisexual salamanders (genus Ambystoma). Nature 356:708-710. E-print
  267. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and L. R. Maxson. 1992. Caribbean biogeography: Molecular evidence for dispersal in West Indian terrestrial vertebrates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (U.S.A.) 89:1909-1913. E-print
  268. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1992. 18S rRNA sequences and amniote phylogeny: reply to Marshall. Mol. Biol. Evol. 9(2):374-377. E-print
  269. Hedges, S. B. 1992. The number of replications needed for accurate estimation of the bootstrap p-value in phylogenetic studies. Mol. Biol. Evol. 9(2):366-369. E-print
  270. Hedges, S. B., S. Kumar, K. Tamura, and M. Stoneking. 1992. Human origins and analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences. Science 255:737-739. E-print
  271. Hedges, S. B. and R. Thomas. 1991. The importance of systematic research in the conservation of amphibian and reptile populations. Pp. 56-61 in Moreno, J. A. (ed.), Status y distribución de los reptiles y anfibios de la región de Puerto Rico. Departamento de Recursos Naturales de Puerto Rico, Publicación Científica Miscelánea No. 1. E-print
  272. Estrada, A. R., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. Nueva especie de Eleutherodactylus (Anura, Leptodactylidae) de la región oriental de Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 27:139-145. E-print
  273. Schwartz, A., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. An elevational transect of Lepidoptera on Pico Turquino, Cuba. Caribb. J. Sci. 27:130-138. E-print
  274. Hass, C. A., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. Albumin evolution in West Indian frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Leptodactylidae): Caribbean biogeography and a calibration of the albumin immunological clock. J. Zool. (London) 225:413-426. E-print
  275. Hedges, S. B. and R. Thomas. 1991. Cryptic species of snakes (Typhlopidae: Typhlops) from the Puerto Rico Bank detected by protein electrophoresis. Herpetologica 47:448-459. E-print
  276. Hedges, S. B., and L. R. Maxson. 1991. Pancreatic polypeptide and the sister group of birds. Mol. Biol. Evol. 8:888-891. E-print
  277. Hedges, S. B., R. L. Bezy, and L. R. Maxson. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of xantusiid lizards inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Mol. Biol. Evol. 8:767-780. E-print
  278. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1991. Rediscovery and description of the Hispaniolan lizard Anolis darlingtoni (Sauria, Iguanidae). Carib. J. Sci. 27:90-93. E-print
  279. Hedges, S. B. 1991. Electrophoretic and morphological variation in Eleutherodactylus glaphycompus (Anura, Leptodactylidae) of Hispaniola. J. Herpetology 25:10-17. E-print
  280. Hedges, S. B., K. D. Moberg, and L. R. Maxson. 1990. Tetrapod phylogeny inferred from 18S and 28S ribosomal RNA sequences and a review of the evidence for amniote relationships. Mol. Biol. Evol. 7:607-633. E-print
  281. Hedges, S. B., and K. L. Burnell. 1990. The Jamaican radiation of Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae): an analysis of relationships and biogeography using sequential electrophoresis. Carib. J. Sci. 26:31-44. E-print
  282. Burnell, K. L., and S. B. Hedges. 1990. Relationships of West Indian Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae): an approach using slow-evolving protein loci. Carib. J. Sci. 26:7-30. E-print
  283. Hedges, S. B. 1990. Species concepts and speciation. (Review of Speciation and its Consequences; Otte, D., and J. A. Endler, eds.). Syst. Zool. 39:95-96. E-print
  284. Hedges, S. B. 1990. A new species of Phrynopus (Anura, Leptodactylidae) from Peru. Copeia 1990:108-112. E-print
  285. Hedges, S. B. 1989. Evolution and biogeography of West Indian frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus: slow-evolving loci and the major groups. Pp 305-370 in Woods, C. (ed.), Biogeography of the West Indies: Past, Present, and Future. Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, Florida. E-print
  286. Hedges, S. B. 1989. An island radiation: allozyme evolution in Jamaican frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Carib. J. Sci. 25:123-147. E-print
  287. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1989. A new Celestus (Sauria: Anguidae) from the Chaine de la Selle of Haiti. Copeia 1989:882-887. E-print
  288. Hedges, S. B., C. A. Hass, and T. K. Maugel. 1989. Physiological color change in snakes. J. Herpetology 23:450-455. E-print
  289. Hedges, S. B. 1989. Geographic protein variation in the Jamaican blind snake, Typhlops jamaicensis (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Caribb. J. Sci. 25:93-96. E-print
  290. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1989. A new species of Anolis (Sauria: Iguanidae) from the Sierra de Neiba, Hispaniola. Herpetologica 45:330-336. E-print
  291. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1989. Supplement to West Indian Amphibians and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Public Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. 77:1-11. E-print
  292. Hedges. S. B. 1988. A new diminutive frog from Hispaniola (Leptodactylidae, Eleutherodactylus). Copeia 1988(3):636-641. E-print
  293. Thomas, R., and S. B. Hedges. 1988. Two new geckos (Sphaerodactylus) from the southern Dominican Republic. Herpetologica 44(1):96-104. E-print
  294. Hedges, S. B. 1987. Vocalization and habitat preference of the Jamaican treefrog, Hyla marianae (Anura, Hylidae). Carib. J. Sci. 23:380-384. E-print
  295. Hedges, S. B., R. Thomas, and R. Franz. 1987. A new species of Eleutherodactylus (Anura:Leptodactylidae) from the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Copeia 1987:943-949. E-print
  296. Hedges, S. B., and R. Thomas. 1987. A new burrowing frog from Hispaniola with comments on the inoptatus group of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Anura:Leptodactylidae). Herpetologica 43:269-279. E-print
  297. Hedges, S. B. 1986. An electrophoretic analysis of Holarctic hylid frog evolution. Syst. Zool. 35(1):1­21. E-print
  298. Hedges, S. B. 1985. The influence of size and phylogeny on life history variation in reptiles: a response to Stearns. Amer. Nat. 126(2):258-260. E-print
  299. Busack, S. D., and S. B. Hedges. 1984. Is the peninsular effect a red herring? Amer. Nat. 123(2):266-275. E-print
  300. Hedges, S. B. 1982. Caribbean biogeography: implications of recent plate tectonic studies. Syst. Zool. 31(4):518-522. E-print
  301. Mitchell, J. C., and S. B. Hedges. 1980. Ambystoma mabeei (Caudata: Ambystomatidae): an addition to the salamander fauna of Virginia. Brimleyana 3:119-121. E-print
  302. Zug, G. R., S. B. Hedges, and S. Sunkel. 1979. Variation in reproductive parameters of three neotropical snakes, Coniophanes fissidens, Dipsas catesbyi, and Imantodes cenchoa. Smithsonian Contr. Zool. 300:1-20. E-print
  303. Hedges, S. B. 1977. The presence of the scarlet kingsnake, Lampropeltis triangulum elapsoides Holbrook (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae), in the Florida Keys. Herpetol. Rev. 8(4):125-126. E-print

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